The great abbeys
The Abbey of Montecassino
The abbey was destroyed twice: the first
time during the Longobard domination and again, by the Saracens, in the years when St. Vincent al Volturno suffered the same fate. After its reconstruction it
experienced a period of great prosperity and artistic splendour, which reached its climax in the 11th century. In the years when abbot Desiderio was
at the head of the monastery, the Normans acquired increased power over the Longobard estates as a result of forced exchanges or usurpations.
Ugo Morino, a Norman Count who, in 1072, donated some churches to the monks “pro redemptione anima”, is a typical figure of this period.
Over the centuries the monastery experienced periods of artistic splendour alternating with periods of decline.
The Abbey of St. Vincent al Volturno