Italian version

Index      Index
English version by:
Jason (Iacovino) Pierce,
New Jersey.



The Samnites
The Romans
The Normans
Historical chronology
The Charter of Carlo II d’Angiò
The Census of 1532
The appraisal of Morrone of 1593
Historical Events
1614 visit of Monsigor Eustacchio
1734 visit of Monsignor Tria
Luigi Cinelli
Parochial Archive
Weights and Measures
Markets and Fairs
The Feast of San Giuseppe
The Territory
Migratory route for herds
Surnames and Nicknames
Vanished surnames
Experts and Masters from Morrone
Famous People
Santa Maria in Casalpiano
Franco Valente: Casalpiano
The Toponymy of Morrone

Rural Life
A stroll around Morrone
Panoramic photo
Old prayers
Morronese cookbook
Postcards from Morrone
The portals of house
Morronese crafts


Morrone seen from:
Poetri in morronese dialect


Old photo album
Current photo album
Photos from viewers of the site
Songs from Morrone
Earthquake from Morrone
My page

I Miaban
The Newspaper of Morrone



The Molise territory
Molise in the norman period
The road system
Pre-norman fortifications and settlements
Urban development: the church and the castle
Relations with the Church
Architecture in norman times
Fortifications and castles
Molise at the time of the crusades
Molise and the Adriatic
The fortifications today

The South and the Unification of Italy


Exchange link

Screen saver of Morrone



Apartment for rent

 I am looking for Morronese relativen in America


I Sanniti
I Romani
I Normanni
Cronologia storica
1303 Carlo II D'Angiò
I censimenti dal 1532
L'apprezzo del 1593
1614 Mons. Eustacchio
1734 Mons. Tria
Inchiesta Murattiana
Archivio parrocchiale
I costumi
Le tradizioni
I pesi e le misure
I mercati e le fiere
La festa di San Giuseppe
Il territorio
Il tratturo
I cognomi e i soprannomi
I cognomi scomparsi
I maestri
Le persone famose
S. Maria in Casalpiano

Cli scavi di Casalpiano
Franco Valente spiega Caslpiano
Franco Valente: Casalpiano
Franco Valente: Araldica
La chiesa Madre
I Feudatari di Morrone
Toponimo di Morrone
L'Italia Meridionale
Vita rurale.
Quattro passi per Morrone
Panoramiche grandangolo
Antiche preghiere
Ricettario morronese
Cartoline da Morrone
I portali e lavori in pietra
Vecchi oggetti morronesi
lettere d'oltreoceano


Morrone visto da:
La poesia dialettale


Raccolta foto antiche
Raccolta foto recenti
Canzoni morronesi
foto inviate da Voi
Il terremoto a Morrone
Altri siti Molisani
La mia pagina

I Miaban
Il Giornale di Morrone



Il territorio del Molise
L'epoca Normanna
Le vie di comunicazione
Fortificazioni e insediamenti prenormanni
Sviluppo urbano: la chiesa
e il castello
I rapporti con la Chiesa
L'architettura Normanna
Opere fortificate e castelli
Il Molise e le crociate
Il Molise e l'Adriatico
Le opere fortificate oggi






Pagina link

Screen saver di Morrone




Il comune informa
The town hall informs

Notizie da Morrone. A cura di: Mariassunta Faccone & Valentina Saltarelli

Webmaster & Admin Site:
Giuseppe Buonviaggio


History of Morrone del Sannio.
The Samnites

English version by Jason
Italian  version

he Samnites were among the first inhabitants of Molise. Subdivided into five tribes: Caraceni, Irpini, Caudini, Pentri e Frentani; they dedicated themselves to sheep farming, and being courageous warriors; they also earned a living acting as mercenaries.

The territory was organized into little villages called vici. The principal cities of Molise were: Isernia, Trivento, Sepino, Larino (capital of the Frentani), Boiano, (capital of the Pentri). The center of worship (Santuario) was Pietrabbondante. The magistrate of the city was called Maddix.

According to tradition, the Samnites are native to Sabbinia; others claim that following a “Ver Sacrum” (an emigration) they arrived at a hill called “Saminnium”. The “Ver Sacrum” is a dedication made to a divinity (Ares – Mars), from all the men and animals born in a determined year. The young, once mature (20 yrs old) were forced to abandon the communities to which they belonged (instead of the antique usage of human sacrifice) and to set out in search of new lands.

They were led on this voyage of theirs by a sacred animal (a wolf, a bull or a woodpecker) whose name often referred to the group (Irpini, Pentri, Piceni). Sometimes there was a Dux (a leader of the city militia) who guided them. The origin of the Ver Sacrum has its roots in the outbreak of famine and the constant need of new fertile lands as a result of population growth.

They spoke the language of Osca, and therefore belonged to the Osco –Umbri. There is a precious archeological example, the famous Table of Agnone (photo), on which the Oscan alphabet is inscribed. It is being exhibited at the moment in London at the British Museum. The territory of Morrone was disputed between the Pentri and the Frentani. As a result of the subdivision made by Emperor Augusto in the 2nd century A.D., along with Apulia (Puglia), Morrone was incorporated into the Frentano thus becoming part of the second region.
In commercial exchanges barter was the most popular practice. In very early times money had not yet been minted.
The five Samnitic tribes, with a collective population of around 600,000, would join forces in the case of war. The dead were buried face up in the grave. An “olla” vase (similar to an urn) filled with a supply of food was placed on the feet of the dead.

Offering one’s daughter in marriage to the first man that came forward was not permitted.
Every year the most beautiful girls were selected and they got married to the most courageous young men. If a young man behaved dishonorably he was deprived of his wife and alienated from his tribe. Among the many wars carried out by the Samnites, the ones against the Romans marked their disappearance and their end as a tribal entity. These wars were waged for the supremacy of the territory.
There were three Holy Wars. At the end of the 1st Holy War in 321 B.C., the Roman Army, defeated at the “Caudinian Forks”, was forced to undergo the humiliation of passing under the giogo. The giogo was a fork-like object constructed from two vertically positioned rocks with a third placed horizontally on their ends, thus forming a structure similar to a doorframe. In this antique practice, defeated enemies were forced to pass under the giogo so as to humiliate them.
A year later in Lucera, in 320 B.C., there was the 2nd Holy War in which the defeated Samnites, as a retaliatory act were forced by the Romans to undergo the same humiliation of passing under the giogo...The 3rd Holy War concluded in 292 B.C. and represented the definitive defeat of the Samnites. As a result of this defeat all of their territory remained under firm Roman dominion and was divided into districts represented by town councils, Morrone belonging to the municipal of Larino.



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